Investment in climate-friendly technologies drives climate-friendly mobility
The automotive industry welcomes the fact that the climate cabinet has agreed on carbon pricing. The introduction of a national emissions trading system for the building and transport sectors indicates the chosen path of a quantity-based approach, so CO2 will come with a price tag. This represents an incentive for CO2-saving behavior. The system will supplement the controlling effect of the EU’s existing fleet limits for CO2. It is welcome that the funds generated are to be used to promote climate-friendly and socially compatible mobility. And in the longer term it will be possible to create a unified emissions trading system at European level.
The VDA backs the goal of greenhouse-gas-neutral transport by 2050. We envisage 7 to 10.5 million electric vehicles (BEVs and PHEVs) on Germany’s roads in 2030. That demands rapid expansion of the public and private charging infrastructure: 1 million public charging points by 2030, 100,000 fast charging pillars, a special charging infrastructure for commercial vehicles and a private charging infrastructure many times larger.
It is therefore a good thing that the climate cabinet has approved swift elaboration of a master plan for the charging infrastructure. It is important to coordinate the efforts at all levels – the federation, the individual states and the municipalities – in order to achieve a rapid ramp-up. Sufficient promotion will have to be available for the public and private charging infrastructure, but the known legal obstacles also have to be removed, for instance in the legislation on residential property. We must not lose any time doing this.
The VDA welcomes extensions and improvements to the measures for promoting electric mobility. This will encourage the ramp-up. Reducing the renewable energy surcharge will also contribute to this effect and is a step in the right direction. But whatever measures are in place, PHEVs should not be given worse treatment than battery-electric vehicles (BEVs). For certain areas of use, PHEVs represent a useful alternative in terms of climate policy, whose promotion is also important for industrial policy.
The VDA also sees other alternative powertrains and fuels – such as hydrogen and e-fuels – as playing an important role in achieving the target of climate-neutral transport by 2050. The governing coalition is therefore right to come out in favor of promoting these paths. However, the resolutions of the climate cabinet should quickly be supplemented with specific measures in this field also. This applies to a tax benefit on e-fuels as much as to a market ramp-up program. Another necessary element is a hydrogen strategy that is effective in the long term.
It is also positive that the German Government wishes to leverage the potentials of digitization to improve climate protection in the area of mobility. Amendment of the Passenger Transport Act is an important project.