These cars are just 30 years young and already well on the way to being classic cars. At the IAA 2013 the “Special show of historic vehicles” is presenting cars premiered at the IAA in 1983 – under the slogan “The stars of 1983 – where are they now?” Today the vehicles on display are 30 years old and therefore can be registered as historic vehicles for the first time, as long as they are in their original condition with no technical defects. The historic vehicle stand in Hall 3.1 covers approx. 1,000 square metres. It will showcase 18 exhibits including everyday cars, e.g. the Golf II, the BMW 524td and the Mercedes 190, but also sports cars such as an Audi Sport quattro and a Porsche 959 – which were expensive then and still are today. Representatives of the “Historic Vehicles Working Group” (of ADAC, VDA and ZDK) will want to discuss with IAA visitors just how much classic potential there is in the “young” historic vehicles.
Hall 3.1 will also house an exclusive special exhibition of the German Red Cross (DRK). The Red Cross was founded 150 years ago, in 1863. Since that time it has not only treated the injured and the suffering, but has also been involved in transporting them. Seven of the most interesting transport vehicles will be on display on the 200 sq m stand in Hall 3.1. A real curiosity, for example, is the Framo ambulance from the year 1958. “Framo” – which stood for “Frankenberg Motorenwerke” – was a commercial vehicle brand from Saxony, which in the GDR became part of the Kombinat IFA that built motor vehicles. The wreck of this Framo was found at a scrapyard and restored with great attention to detail. Today the ambulance is the last surviving one of its type. The special show will also feature a Red Cross VW T1 bus from the 1950s, along with additional vehicles for transporting the sick dating from the 1960s and 1970s. The Red Cross will include the present day with a state-of-the-art emergency doctor’s vehicle demonstrating the latest rescue equipment and medical technology.
The “Stars of 1983” will include the following exhibits:
Audi 80 quattro
“Audi 80” was the name given from 1972 to 1994 to the medium-segment series from Audi that is known as the “A4” today. Its second generation was launched onto the market in 1978: the Audi 80 “B2” – it was built until 1986. In 1980 Audi had already unveiled the original quattro, which was followed at the IAA in 1983 by the Audi 80 limousine with permanent four-wheel drive. The five-cylinder engine in the Audi 80 quattro 5E on display had a capacity of 2144 cc and generated 136 hp.
Audi Sport quattro
The “Audi Sport quattro” was originally presented at the IAA in Frankfurt in 1983. Based on the Audi quattro, it was developed for rally driving and was produced as a limited edition of 214 units. Then as now, series production was the prerequisite for FIA registration as a Group B rally car. In addition to the exhaust turbocharging familiar from the Audi 200 turbo and the Audi quattro, the Audi Sport quattro had a cylinder head with four valves per cylinder. The Sport quattro first became available in December 1984. At that time the car was the most expensive German series vehicle. At 195,000 deutschmarks, it cost twice as much as its contemporary, the Porsche Carrera Turbo. Audi’s engineers had pushed the water-cooled five cylinder in-line engine with a capacity of 2,133 cc right up to 306 hp.
This vehicle was built as part of the E28 series, that is, the second generation BMW 5-Series. Unveiled in July 1981, E28s remained on sale until 1987. The major innovation in this vehicle that was presented in 1983 was under the bonnet: for the first time a BMW 524td was being marketed with a diesel engine. The “t” stood for the turbocharging. The six cylinder in-line engine had a capacity of 2443 cc producing 115 hp. Later BMW also offered a 524d as a naturally aspirated diesel without turbocharging, that produced 86 hp.
BMW M635 CSi
The BMW M635 CSi is a member of the E24 series – the first generation of the BMW 6-Series. This legendary luxury segment coupé from BMW was on sale from 1975 to 1989. All the E24s were equipped with a six cylinder in-line engine and rear-wheel drive. A sports version of the BMW 635 CSi was presented at the 1983 IAA. This 6-Series car with an “M” in its name was designed by BMW Motorsport GmbH but actually built at BMW AG. It could generate 286 hp and reach a top speed of 255 km/h. In 1983, when it first appeared in the price lists, the M635 CSi cost 89,500 deutschmarks.
Lancia Beta Coupé VX
The Italian Lancia Beta was produced between 1972 and 1984. It came in a number of different body styles, including a coupé. Lancia unveiled the crowning glory of the coupé series at the IAA in 1983: the Beta Coupé Volume VX. Only 1272 of these vehicles were ever made. The Lancia’s 2-litre engine was combined with a Roots compressor that took the output up to 135 hp. The Lancia Beta Coupé with a 2-litre engine is now rare in Germany, as only 32 vehicles of this type are registered with the Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA).
Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.3-16
This “190” model was added to the series introduced in December 1982. It was Mercedes-Benz’ first venture into the medium segment. The 190 with the designation W201 was followed by the C-Class in 1993. At 1.8 million vehicles sold between 1982 and 1993, the W201 was one of the most successful series from Mercedes-Benz. Two more variants were added at the IAA in 1983. Alongside the 72-hp “190 D” diesel there was also the sports version called the “190 E 2.3-16.” The engine that was known within the company as the “M 102” had four cylinders each with four valves – and therefore bore the designation “16.” The engine was developed in co-operation with Cosworth. The car looked very different from the everyday “190” due to its front and rear spoilers, wide tyres and lower slung body.
Opel Monza GSE
The Opel Monza sports coupé was on the German market from February 1978 onwards. After a major facelift in 1982 involving changes to the bonnet, headlamps and bumpers, Opel presented the “GSE” at the IAA in 1983. The letters stood for the new top-of-the-range, especially sporty Monza equipment line. It included Recaro seats, a leather-covered steering wheel and an on-board computer – as standard. The Monza GSE only ever came with a 3.0-litre six cylinder direction injection engine capable of 180 hp. After the facelift Opel continued making the Monza until 1986.
Porsche “Gruppe B” design study (forerunner of the 959)
Following several victories in the “24 Hours of Le Mans” race, Porsche also wanted success in rallying. So in 1982 the company launched its 959 rally project to develop a vehicle based on the 911 SC and satisfying FIA’s Group B regulations. Porsche first presented its “Gruppe B” design study at the 1983 IAA. At that time it already had 200 orders for the road car, thus fulfilling the FIA homologation requirement for Group B registration. However, owing to strike action and the complexity of the 959, the vehicle was not ready until 1987. The six cylinder boxer engine in the study on show at the IAA 2013 has a capacity of 2.85 litres and generates 450 hp. The 959 was the first series passenger car to have twin turbocharging, with two water-cooled turbochargers connected in parallel along with charge-air coolers. The vehicle has four-wheel drive. According to Porsche, only 292 vehicles of this type were produced. In 1987 the cheapest version of the 959 cost 420,000 deutschmarks.
Renault Fuego Turbo
The French manufacturer Renault also presented a sports coupé at the 1983 IAA – with even greater engine power. The Renault Fuego (the Spanish word for fire) had already gone into production in 1980. At the IAA in 1983 the French company presented a new top-of-the-range model that actually out-performed the pervious variants. The “Fuego Turbo” was powered by a 1.6-litre engine producing 132 hp. The car came with four disc brakes as standard, plus an on-board computer and electric side mirrors. Up to the mid-1980s Renault sold around 24,000 Fuegos in Germany. Today only 112 of them are still registered.
VW Golf II
Today the Golf I is undoubtedly a classic car – in 1974 it replaced the Beetle in the Volkswagen range and in the almost 40 years since then it has become the undisputed “champion” with the most registrations of any model. Now the Golf II is following it into the historic vehicles listings: the second generation Golf was premiered at the IAA 30 years ago and went on to repeat the success of its predecessor, clocking up sales far exceeding 6 million units. The Golf II also came in three and five-door hatchback versions. The car was 17 centimetres longer than its predecessor; its wheelbase was increased by 7.5 centimetres and its kerb weight by 95 kilograms. To reduce the drag coefficient, the car was designed with fewer sharp edges. At the time of its presentation in 1983 the Golf II was on offer in the C, CL, GL and GLX variants. After eight successful years the next generation appeared in the form of the Golf III.
The “Special show of historic vehicles – the stars of 1983” will also present the following new and established historic vehicles: the Fiat Ritmo Bertone S85, the Ford Sierra XR4i, the Lancia Delta HF, the Mercedes-Benz 190, the Opel Kapitän L (built in 1963), the Opel Calibra Ecotec V6 (built in 1993), the Porsche 928 S and the VW T3 Caravelle Carat.
These events and activities, plus many more besides, will be available to visitors to the 65th IAA Cars in Frankfurt am Main from 12 to 22 September 2013. All the information about the trade fair, e.g. the special shows, opening times and advance ticket sales, is available online, on the official IAA website: www.iaa.de.