We need renewably sourced synthetic fuels to meet the EU’s climate goals for the transport sector. Even in a heavily battery-powered transport scenario, e-fuels will still account for more than 70 percent of the EU’s final energy consumption across all modes of transport in 2050. Although currently very expensive, e-fuels are set to become more affordable. These are the core statements of a study by dena and LBST.
The study, 'E-fuels – The potential of electricity-based fuels for low emission transport in the EU' investigated the future energy requirements of Europe's transport sector and thus the extent to which capacity for generating renewable energy needs to be expanded as a result. This then provided a basis for analysing the level of investment required to achieve a 95-percent reduction in transport-induced greenhouse gas emissions.