CO₂ trends in Germany
In the past ten years, the German automotive industry has made enormous progress in reducing CO₂ emissions. If in 2004 newly registered, German-branded passenger cars still had an average CO₂ value of 175.8 grams per kilometer, in 2014 it was only 132.9 grams. That is a reduction of around one quarter (-24.4 percent). The fuel consumption of newly registered, German-branded passenger cars fell by a similar amount; from 7.1 l/100 km (2004) to 5.4 l/100 km today – a 24 percent reduction.
Thanks to its efficient vehicles, the German automotive industry is thereby contributing to significantly lower CO₂ emissions notwithstanding increasing mileage. According to figures published in the national Inventory Report of the German Environmental Agency, CO₂ emissions produced by road traffic in Germany from 1999 to 2012 dropped by about 30 million metric tons. Since 2006, road traffic CO₂ emissions have been below 1990 levels for the seventh successive year and are around 5 million metric tons less than the 1990 figure. German road traffic thereby occupies a special position within the EU. No other Western European country has so far succeeded on a sustained basis in reducing road traffic CO₂ emissions below the level of 1990. The development in passenger cars’ specific energy consumption is impressive: today approximately 35.6 megajoules are required per 100 person-kilometers (pkm). In 1990, comparable performance needed more than 66.1 megajoules – namely almost double the figure.