Promoting Electric Mobility:
research funding and standardisation
The German Government promotes the research and development of electric mobility in Germany in many different ways.
Vehicle technology is continually developed by companies and research institutes in joint projects focusing on aspects such as powertrain optimization, electric motors and power electronics, battery technology, lightweight construction and the interplay of all the components in electric vehicles. The aim is to make the vehicles more attractive, improve efficiency, and reduce the costs involved. The various areas for promotion are distributed across four German ministries (BMBF, BMUB, BMVI and BMWi).
The German manufacturers’ success to date is built on research and development, as they work towards becoming the leading providers. There will still be many different research needs in the future.
In addition to research funding, electric mobility and the resulting value chains demand closer cooperation between the various branches of industry and the standardization institutions responsible.
Standards are elaborated in multidisciplinary cooperation between the relevant institutions such as the German Institute for Standardization (DIN) and the Road Vehicle Engineering Standards Committee in the VDA and DKE. This process is supported by the standardization initiative of the BMWi (Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy).
“The German Standardisation Roadmap Electric Mobility 2020” submitted to the German Government by the National Platform for Electric Mobility (NPE) at the Hannover trade fair grounds in 2017 presents the current status and need for action on norms, standardization and certification to enable the further development of electric mobility.
The roadmap describes standardization activities to date for cable-based charging and summarizes the current status in particular concerning requirements for safety, vehicle technology and charging interfaces. The main achievements include Europe-wide implementation of the Combined Charging System (CCS). The work on standards for a common charging connector and unified requirements for the charging interfaces has been completed successfully. They have already been incorporated into European legislation, in Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of an infrastructure for alternative fuels in 2014. In Germany the Government’s Charging Station Ordinance requires charging stations to be equipped at least with the standardized “Type 2” and Combo 2” connectors.
The “Standardisation Roadmap” also addresses future challenges such as higher-power charging. This should create the vehicle and infrastructure-related prerequisites for charging at 150 kW to 400 kW. In addition, standards are already being developed so that inductive charging will be universally available.
To make future charging possible at every charging point, work has to be done now on defining the requirements for information and communication technology – a uniform authentication concept, for example. The working group recommends for this a unified, Europe-wide structure for issuing IDs in order to enable an interoperable, cross-national charging system at all charging stations – both for contract customers and for ad-hoc charging.
Internationally unified standards will guarantee user-friendliness and security for investments in vehicles and the charging infrastructure.
“Electric Mobility Showcase”: final report
From 2013 to 2016, four German ministries and six federal states got together to realize the Electric Mobility Showcase program. It was set up as an inter-departmental promotional project of the German Government. Its aim was to draw together German expertise in the fields of electric vehicles, energy supply and transport systems in large-scale regional demonstration and pilot projects and make them visible.
The 145 showcase projects completed their work at the end of 2016. The Electric Mobility Showcase program’s “Parallel Impact Research” can now look back on three exciting and successful years of coordination, evaluation and publication of the results of the program. The final report from the Parallel Impact Research provides an overview of the key findings, contains recommendations for action, and answers today’s most important questions about electrification of the transport sector in Germany. Kindly note this document is only available in German.